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研究議題與紀要  Research Issue & Note
page:83﹣113

抵抗、協商與認同:東莞夜市小販的身分實踐
Resistance, Negotiation and Identification: Daily Practice of Night Market Hawkers in Dongguan, China

作者
黃微子、王靜雯
Author
Weizi HUANG, Jingwen WANG
關鍵詞
夜市小販、身分政治、日常實踐
Keywords
Night market hawker, Identity politics, Daily practice
相關領域
人類學    社會學    區域研究及地理   
摘要

中國大陸很多城市有著發達的夜市文化,卻缺乏對夜市小販群體的身分研究。本文以東莞作為田野,回溯小販在舊城街邊聚集形成夜市,到最終被迫搬遷、離開街道的四至五年歷史,主要討論小販如何通過日常活動實踐其身分政治。研究者發現,本地青年小販先是基於校友認同,繼而基於地緣政治內部的階級認同,來組織串聯,挪用文化保育的論述來合法化占街經營的行為。階級認同無法跨越地方文化歧視,因而形成本地小販對外地小販的排斥。但當攤販被迫搬遷上樓,經營的經濟門檻大幅提升後,地方認同實際上被擱置,夜市空間為小販中有相對較高資本的階層所共享。

Synopsis

Many cities in China have a highly developed night market culture, but there is a lack in the studies of night market hawkers. Taking Dongguan, China as the field site, this paper reviews a short history since local hawkers started gathering in a remarkable street in the old town five years ago, until they were driven into a brand new night market building. Our research focuses on how the hawkers formed their sense of identities as street hawkers through daily practice. It is found that young local hawkers’s identities are first based on the alumni network, and then on class within regional restriction. Non-local hawkers were pushed out at the early stage. This kind of local cultural identity, however, were laid aside when the cost of running a stall in the new night market went much higher. The market space was shared by the hawkers who possess larger capital, regardless of their birthplaces.

出版資訊

DOI:10.6752/JCS.202010_(31).0004

No.33  2021 秋季

No.32  2021 春季

No.31  2020 秋季

No.30  2020 春季

No.29  2019 秋季