當期出版


專題論文:再造歷史現場  Disquisition: The Regeneration of Historical Sites
page:21﹣66

文化治理及其不滿:新莊街之都市運動
Cultural Governance and Its Discontents: The Urban Movement of Xinzhuang Street

作者
顏亮一、張耕蓉
Author
Liang-Yi YEN, Geng-Rong CHANG
關鍵詞
都市治理、新自由主義、城市權、空間意識、文化資產
Keywords
Urban governance, Neoliberalism, Right to the city, Spatial consciousness, Cultural heritage
相關領域
   
摘要

文化治理乃是城市治理的重要手段之一,其目標在於支持經濟發展或政治秩序穩定。但是在新自由主義都市化脈絡下的文化治理,經常產生許多社會問題,諸如縉紳化、迫遷、公共資源分配不均等,因而也引發了質疑治理模式的都市運動。藉由新北市新莊街之個案研究,本文探討這種都市運動產生的機制及其對文化治理所造成的影響。通過對新莊街文化治理的歷史回顧,以及本文作者們對新莊街都市運動的觀察、參與及反思,本文檢視了地方政府政策形成的結構性因素、行動者空間意識形成的原因、都更案爭議與協商的過程,以及都市運動的政治與社會效應。新莊街的研究結果顯示,文化治理固然有助於國家文化領導權塑造以及資本主義積累體制的維繫,但是它也開展了新的鬥爭場域,並創造了認知、爭取與實踐城市權理念的機會。

Synopsis

Cultural governance is one of the most important devices for municipal governments to govern their territories in order to achieve the goals of economic development or political stability. However, in the context of neoliberal urbanization, cultural governance usually causes various social problems, such as gentrification, eviction, unequal distribution of public resources, and therefore triggers urban movements that question urban policies. The purpose of this study is to understand the mechanism that produce such movements and their influences on cultural governance led by neo-liberalism. Looking at the case of Xinzhunag Street in New Taipei City, this study explores the urban policies being initiated by local government since the late 1990s, the impacts these policies had on civil society, and how civil society had engaged or intervened in the implementation of these policies. By observing, engaging, and reflecting on the urban movement of Xinzhuang Street, the authors analyze the structural factors that affected the formation of policies, the way that the actors’ spatial consciousness is raised, the process of the conflicts and negotiations around urban renewal, and the political and social impacts of the urban movement. Finally, this study points out that, despite of the fact that cultural governance can contribute to the formation of cultural hegemony and sustain the capitalist accumulation regime, it also opens new territories for social struggle, and creates new opportunities for recognizing, striving for, and putting into practice the idea of the right to the city.

No.33  2021 秋季

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