當期出版


專題論文:文學論戰與記憶政治  Literary Debate and Memory Politics
page:73﹣102

迂迴的關係:神州詩社與臺灣鄉土文學論戰
The Circuitous Relationship: Shenzhou Poetry Society and the Home Soil Literary Debate in Taiwan

作者
魏月萍
Author
Ngoi Guat Peng
關鍵詞
神州詩社、鄉土文學、中國意識、文學實踐、馬華文學
Keywords
Shenzhou Poetry Society, “Home Soil” literature, Chinese consciousness, Literary practice, Malaysian Chinese literature
相關領域
   
摘要

1976年1月1日,在臺灣留學的馬來西亞華裔學生,創辦了後來者追憶中如同「神話」一般的「神州詩社」。神州詩社承載著濃厚的文化鄉愁,以建構「文化中國」以及「復興中華文化」為己任,想要在臺灣土壤實現一個理想的「古典中國」。但當時政治局勢詭譎,神州詩社捲入政治風波,被扣上「為匪宣傳」罪名,主要成員如溫瑞安、方娥真等人陷入牢獄之災,成為一則牽涉「臺─馬」的政治事件。有關「神州詩社」陷入臺灣白色恐怖政治風波的始終,以及詩社如何誤判「江湖」現實,以致讓文學場域轉化為政治場域,已有一些學者為文梳理基本的輪廓。本文關注的是,神州詩社自1976年創立至1980年因溫瑞安、方娥真等人被捕而解散,這段時間正好是臺灣鄉土文學論戰的高峰期。因此本文嘗試梳理神州詩社對於鄉土文學論戰的反應與回應,其雖未直接介入討論,卻與鄉土文學論戰存在著迂迴的關係。此外,以文學論戰的問題意識為脈絡,勾勒出臺灣鄉土文學論戰對於馬華文學的參照意義。

Synopsis

Malaysian Chinese students studied in Taiwan founded the “Shenzhou Poetry Society”on 1st January, 1976. The Shenzhou Poetry Society which has been regarded as a “myth” has a strong cultural awareness. It aimed to re-construct the “Cultural China” and reviving the “Chinese Culture”. And thus they intended to build up a “classical China” in Taiwan. Unfortunately,some of the members of Shenzhou Poetry Society were expelled from Taiwan because of the political environment that was unkind to their vision and led to the imprisonment of several members. This is a crucial turning point for the poetry society, as it led to the end of its activities. Shenzhou Poetry Society had published many literary works in Taiwan. The members have established close relationship with Taiwan’s literary society. Therefore, this paper attempts to sort out the reactions and responses of Shenzhou Poetry Society of the “Home Soil
Literary Debate” in Taiwan. Although the society did not directly participate in the discussion, its relationship with the debate was rather circuitous. This circuitous relationship may shed light on the development of Malaysian Chinese literature.

No.31  2020 秋季

No.30  2020 春季

No.29  2019 秋季

No.28  2019 春季

No.27  2018 秋季